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Public Laws About Mineral Royalties

The Secretary of the United States Department of the Interior is responsible for overseeing mineral resource development on Federal and Indian lands and the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS). The Secretary’s responsibility, under various laws, is to manage mineral resource production from Federal and Indian lands and the OCS, collect the royalties and other mineral revenues due, and distribute the funds collected. These laws pertain to mineral leases on Federal and Indian lands and the OCS.

Information Collection Requests (ICRs)

Law Name Citation Date Land Type Description
Energy Policy Act of 2005 Pub. L. 109-58 Aug. 8, 2005 Federal Onshore and Outer Continental Shelf Addresses energy production in the United States, including the production, transportation, and transmission of energy on the Outer Continental Shelf from sources other than oil and gas (e.g., wind energy); incentives for oil and gas development; and provisions to access oil and gas resources on federal lands.
Lease, Sale or Surrender of Allotted or Unallotted Lands 25 U.S.C. 396d Jan. 7, 2003 Indian (Allotted) States that all lands allotted to Indians, except those made to members of the Five Civilized Tribes and Osage, may be leased for mining purposes for any term of years as may be deemed advisable by the Secretary of the Interior. Section 396d establishes that all operations under any oil, gas, or other mineral lease issued pursuant to the terms of 25 U.S.C. 396a to 396g or any other Act affecting restricted Indian lands shall be subject to the rules and regulations promulgated by the Secretary of the Interior.
Indian Mineral Development Act of 1920 25 U.S.C. 2103 Jan. 22, 2002 Indian Provides Indian tribes with flexibility in the development and sale of mineral resources, including opportunities to enter into joint venture agreements with mineral developers.
1996 Amendments to FOGRMA Pub. L. 104-185 1996 Federal Onshore, Indian, and Outer Continental Shelf Revisions to the Federal Oil & Gal Royalty Management Act (FOGRMA).
Federal Oil & Gas Royalty Management Act (FOGRMA) of 1982 Pub. L. 97-451 Jan. 12, 1983 Federal Onshore, Indian, and Outer Continental Shelf Grants the Secretary of the Interior authority for managing and collecting oil and gas royalties from leases on federal and Indian lands.
Geothermal Steam Act of 1970 30 U.S.C. 1001 1970 Federal Onshore Allows the leasing of federal lands under BLM’s administration for geothermal resource development, excluding prohibited lands.
Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (OCSLA) of 1953 43 U.S.C. 1353 1953 Outer Continental Shelf Gives the Secretary of the Interior responsibility for administering mineral and energy resources exploration, development, and production on the Outer Continental Shelf, subject to environmental safeguards. Mandates receipt of fair market value for mineral leasing.
Mineral Leasing Act (MLA) of 1920 30 U.S.C. 1923 1920 Federal Onshore (Public Domain) Creates a system of leasing mineral resources on federal lands for extraction and grants BLM authority to administer mineral leasing.